Korea * The Forgotten War *
The Korean War (25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953) was a war between the Republic of Korea (South Korea), supported by the United Nations,
and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), at one time supported by China and the Soviet Union. It was primarily the
result of the political division of Korea by an agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of World War II.
The Korean Peninsula was ruled by the Empire of Japan from 1910 until the end of World War II. Following the surrender of the Empire of
Japan in September 1945, American administrators divided the peninsula along the 38th parallel, with U.S. Military forces occupying the
southern half and Soviet military forces occupying the northern half.
The failure to hold free elections throughout the Korean Peninsula in 1948 deepened the division between the two sides; the North
established a communist government, while the South established a right-wing government. The 38th parallel increasingly became a
political border between the two Korean states. Although reunification negotiations continued in the months preceding the war, tension
intensified. Cross-border skirmishes and raids at the 38th parallel persisted. The situation escalated into open warfare when North Korean
forces invaded South Korea on 25 June 1950. In 1950, the Soviet Union boycotted the United Nations Security Council. In the absence of a
veto from the Soviet Union, the United States and other countries passed a Security Council resolution authorizing military intervention in
The U.S. provided 88% of the 341,000 international soldiers which aided South Korean forces, with twenty other countries of the United
Nations offering assistance. Suffering severe casualties within the first two months, the defenders were pushed back to the Pusan
perimeter. A rapid U.N. counter-offensive then drove the North Koreans past the 38th parallel and almost to the Yalu River, when China
entered the war on the side of North Korea. Chinese intervention forced the Southern-allied forces to retreat behind the 38th parallel. While
not directly committing forces to the conflict, the Soviet Union provided material aid to both the North Korean and Chinese armies. The
fighting ended on 27 July 1953, when the armistice agreement was signed. The agreement restored the border between the Koreas near
the 38th Parallel and created the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), a 2.5-mile (4.0 km)-wide fortified buffer zone between the two Korean
nations. Minor incidents still continue today.
From a military science perspective, the Korean War combined strategies and tactics of World War I and World War II: it began with a mobile
campaign of swift infantry attacks followed by air bombing raids, but became a static trench war by July 1951. Information Taken From
Korea - The Forgotten War
Most Decorated Woman in US Military – (1907 to 2002) –
Col. Ruby Bradley of the Army Nurse Corps was the most
highly decorated army nurse, receiving 34 medals and
citations of bravery for her military service during the
Japanese and Korean War, on World War II. Her awards
included Legion of Merit Medals, Bronze Stars, Presidential
Emblems, WWII Victory Medal, U.N. Service Medal, and
Florence Nightingale Medal.
As one of the first to serve in the Women in the Air Force
(WAF), Airman Bettye Krieter was activated during the Korean
War. Krieter retired from the Air Force Sept. 29, 2011, at
Patrick Air Force Base, FL, with a total of 63 years of federal
service. (U.S. Air Force)
M*A*S*H for Real: OH-13 Helicopter at 46th Mobile Army Surgical
Hospital, Korea 1952 These were used in Vietnam as scout choppers. It
took a brave soul to fly treetop slow, and get shot at.
Song Is "Suicide Is Painless" The M*A*S*H* Song