The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall
Ground breaking: March 26, 1982
Dedication: November 13, 1982
Designer: Maya Ying Lin
Architect: Cooper-Lecky Partnership
Material: Black granite from Bangalore, India
Length: each wall is 246 feet 9 inches (75.21 meters) long; the total length of
the Wall is 493 feet 6 inches (150.42 meters)
Height: 10 feet 3 inches (3.12 meters) at the center of the memorial
Angle: 125° 12'
Density of granite: 210 lbs/cubic foot (3364 kilograms/cubic meter)
Number of panels: for each wall, 70 separate inscribed panels, plus 4 at each
end without names
Panel dimensions: 40 inches (101.6 centimeters) wide, 3 inches (7.62
centimeters) thick, between 8 inches (20.32 centimeters) to 10 feet 3 inches
(3.12 meters) tall
Number of lines per panel: 1 to 137
Number of names per line: 5 to 6
Height of letters: 0.53 inches (1.35 centimeters)
Depth of letters: 0.015 inches (0.038 centimeters)
Foundation: The granite panels are supported by 140 concrete pilings driven
approximately 35 feet to bedrock.
Cost: Construction costs of the Wall totaled approximately $4,284,000. The
VVMF raised nearly $9 million in private contributions in its quest to win
support and build the memorial.
The Three Servicemen Statue
Designer: Frederick Hart
Dedication: November 11, 1984
Height: 7 feet (2.13 meters)
Vietnam Women's Memorial
Designer: Glenna Goodacre
Dedicated: November 11, 1993
Paving stones: Carnelian red granite
Approx. Size: 8 feet by 15 feet (2.44 meters by 4.57 meters)
Approx. Weight: 1 ton (907 kilograms)
Trees: Eight yellowwood trees representing the eight nurses (women) killed in
Cost: Approx. $4 million
Number of entries in design contest: 317 (Goodacre was originally runner-up)
Inscription: THIS FLAG REPRESENTS THE SERVICE RENDERED TO OUR
COUNTRY BY THE VETERANS OF THE VIETNAM WAR. THE FLAG AFFIRMS THE
PRINCIPLES OF FREEDOM FOR WHICH THEY FOUGHT AND THEIR PRIDE IN
HAVING SERVED UNDER DIFFICULT CIRCUMSTANCES.
Emblems: Around the base of the flagpole are the emblems of the Army, Navy,
Air Force, Marines, and Coast Guard.
Height: 60 feet (18.29 meters)
It Is The Soldier
by Charles M. Province, U.S. Army
It is the Soldier, not the minister
Who has given us freedom of religion.
It is the Soldier, not the reporter
Who has given us freedom of the press.
It is the Soldier, not the poet
Who has given us freedom of speech.
It is the Soldier, not the campus organizer
Who has given us freedom to protest.
It is the Soldier, not the lawyer
Who has given us the right to a fair trial.
It is the Soldier, not the politician
Who has given us the right to vote.
It is the Soldier who salutes the flag,
Who serves beneath the flag,
And whose coffin is draped by the flag,
Who allows the protester to burn the flag.
© 1970 2010
Charles M. Province, U.S. Army
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